Developing diabetic coma as a result of hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) or hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). Although it can be very scary situation can be cured and require immediate Diabetic Coma Treatment attention.
It is important for everyone, especially those close to individuals suffering from diabetes, to be able to recognize the symptoms and signs of diabetic coma. The decision whether the blood sugar levels are high or low blood sugar levels.
If blood sugar levels increased identification with diabetic coma will show increased thirst, frequent urination, fatigue, nausea and vomiting, and abdominal pain. After the starting point to develop a person’s heart beats faster and the breath smells fruity characteristics derived from ketones.
On the other hand, in cases of hypoglycemia patients generally feel shaky or nervous, tired, sweaty and hungry. There are additional possible nausea, increased heart irritability, irregular or racing and confusion.
Diabetic coma may develop due to diabetic ketoacidosis, diabetes and hypoglycemia hiperosmolar syndrome.
In the case of diabetic ketoacidosis, because there is not enough sugar in the cells, the cells become “hungry” and the body began to break down fat stack. The process is breaking down causing the formation of toxic acids called ketones. Ketone accumulation is responsible for diabetic coma. This problem typically affects people suffering from type 1 diabetes. However, it also can occur in patients who suffer from diabetes type 2 and gestational diabetes.
Diabetes hiperosmolar syndrome features with increased sugar in the blood and elimination of excess sugar through the urine. Sugar excretion associated with the removal of excess water from the body which ultimately can lead to dehydration and coma. This condition usually affects people with type 2 diabetes.
And finally, developing hypoglycemia because insulin intake too much or not enough food intake. This situation may also occur in patients with diabetes who exercise hard or drinking too much alcohol and need to have Diabetic Coma Treatment.
Diabetic Coma Treatment is generally dependent on the sugar level is high or low.
Patients with high levels of sugar in the blood are treated with intravenous fluids, and they usually need correction of electrolyte imbalance. Adequate level of sugar all the insulin. It is also important to treat other underlying conditions that cause hyperglycemia (for example, infection).
Aware of patients suffering from hypoglycemia should be given some form of sugar (fruit juice, sugar or white sugar dissolved in juice or water, glucose tablets, etc.). If the patient developed coma treated Diabetic Coma Treatment by injection of glucagon.